Ibaloi Street Names Representing Nature
Many parts of what is now called the Central Business District used to ooze with natural springs. Access to water was not only important for cattle & livestock, it was near water sources where dwellings would be built and small communities would sprout up. Chanum Street can be found just a few meters from City Hall.
Chugum ("wind") & Chuntug ("mountain")
Intersecting Chanum Street are roads called Chugum Street and Chuntug Street. Together these three streets represent three of the four essential elements of life -- water, air and earth (or mountain), with fire being the fourth.
Descriptive Ibaloi Sreet Names
One of the city's main roads is called Abanao. It is a wide street the goes uphill connecting Harrison Road to Naguilian and Bokawkan Roads.
True to its name, Otek is a short strip that connrects Burnham Park to City Hall. This is also where Baguio's Rizal Park is located.
Kayang is a street on the hill behind the Baguio City Market leading up to City Hall. It is accessible from Abanao Road.
Kisad or Guisad ("a condition when a priestess is possessed by a spirit during a religious rite")
Kisad Road runs parallel to Harrison Road, on the west side of Burnham Park while Guisad Road is accessible from Bokawkan Road. Actually these two roads cause a lot of confusion, especially when ordering from fast food delivery services because they do sound the same.
Bokawkan ("wherever something has been removed")
Bokawkan is that wide road that connects Abanao, Naguilian Road (officially named Quirino Highway - but who calls it that?) and Magsaysay Road (on the Trancoville heading towards La Trinidad side)
Lucban is that area off Bonifacio Road near Saint Louis University where a lot of residences cum dormitories are located. It is probably named thus because of the color of the soil, which is mostly clay.
Ibaloi Names That Have Been Replaced
Kafagway ("wide open space")
This used to be what the area the Baguio City now occupies used to be called.
How then did Baguio get it's name? Legend has it that when the Americans reached Kafagway they asked the natives for the name of the place while pointing to the soil. Not understanding what they were saying, the Ibalois gave the name of the mossy flowering plant that covered the ground "bag-iw," which the Americans pronounced "bag-i-yo."
Javjavan ("native blacksmith shop");
This is what the site where the Baguio City Market is used to be called.
Kampaw ("a place for social gathering")
Kampaw is what Mount Mary Hill or Cathedral Hill used to be referred to. This is where the Our Lady of Atonement Cathedral, more popularly known as Baguio Cathedral, now stands. was called Kampaw (a social gathering place reminiscent of the Bontoc "ato" or Sagada’s "dap-ay," a place where elders meet for dialogues and meetings);
Urengao ("oily water")
The area where Teachers’ Camp is located, which is located between Leonard Wood Road and South Drive, used to be called this
Oliweg ("whirlpool where rainwater runs out through a channel in the limestone")
This does explain why the area called City Camp used to get inundated during heavy rains, as this is what the City Camp area used to be referred to. Maybe they should not have allowed dwellings to be built there in the first place.